Gum recession, also known as gingival recession, is a progressive condition in which the gums pull back, exposing sensitive tooth roots. This unsightly and sometimes painful problem can lead to tooth loss if not addressed early on. If started promptly, treatment can stop gum recession and simple lifestyle changes can help prevent recurrence.
It is estimated that nearly 90 percent of people aged 65 and older suffer from receding gums in at least one tooth. Before discussing the treatment options for receding gums, it’s important to look at the main causes of this common oral health problem.
There are many factors that can cause gum recession, which leaves teeth more susceptible to decay. According to research, periodontal disease is the number one cause of receding gums. Other causes include:
Since gum recession is a slow process that occurs over many months and years, the symptoms may be subtle at first. Unusual sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures is one of the first signs of receding gums. As the gingival tissue draws back farther, the tooth or teeth may appear longer than normal, and the gum tissue can also be swollen, pink and tender to the touch. Other possible symptoms of receding gums include bleeding after flossing and brushing and/or discomfort at the gum line.
Because gum recession can diminish your smile and increase the risk of advanced periodontal disease and tooth loss, it’s important to see a dentist for routine cleanings and check-ups. Depending on the nature and severity of the gum recession, your dentist may recommend one of the following options:
While gum recession treatments enjoy a high success rate, it’s worth noting that gum tissue will never spontaneously regenerate. There are, however, a few easy steps that can help prevent further recession.
If you have signs of receding gums, Long Island Implant & Cosmetic Dentistry can help you start a treatment plan today! Call our Suffolk County cosmetic dentistry practice at (631) 296-0588 to schedule a free consultation.
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